North Carolina Mountain Folk developed a strong craft tradition based on need. The isolation of the mountains demanded self-efficiency. Mountain people spun thread from sheep they sheared and weaved it into cloth. They made their own furniture and baskets. They slept in homemade rope beds.
Appalachian crafts include cane chairs, rocking chairs, corn shuck chairs and dolls, brooms and hand carved wood sculptures. Furniture was spindle carved adorned with floral or wheat patterns carvings.
Craft designs were influenced by both the Cherokee Indians and the British. Most of the people who settled Western North Carolina were of Scots-Irish decent, immigrating either from New England or directly from England.
see also Life in the Appalachian Mountains - early 1900s