Francis Bacon's scientific method - Facts, Accomplishments, History and Information

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Sir Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St. Alban was Lord chancellor of England. He was also a philosopher, scientist, and author. Bacon was born in 1561 and died in 1626. He died without children. He was a nephew of William Cecil Lord Burghley who was the Chief Minister of Queen Elizabeth 1.

Wrote Novum Organum (instrument) of 1620, science could not advance unless it departed entirely from the inherited errs of the past and established “progressive stages of certainty. Within the book, he put forward his Baconian Method which is an investigative method. The name Novum Organum means New Method. The Baconian Method led to the development of the Scientific Method.

The Baconian method is suggests isolating variables in a problem which needs solving. Then comparing factors that exist and differ in each variable to see what is causing the problem.

Bacon is best known for the creation of Empirical knowledge and inductive methods. He demanded that in Science experiments be conducted with a planned investigative method which is the basis for proper methodology used today.

Bacon thought collective scientific research and observation would produce useful knowledge and result in bettering the human lot.

Novum Organum was intrepid ships venture out beyond the Pillars of Hercules in to a fathomless sea in pursuit of unknown but great thing to come.

Scientific Method:

  • The Scientific Method was not invented by anyone. It evolved over time.
  • Shift from over-reverence for past
  • Practical orientation, not abstract
  • Non-magical: rational approach
  • Thought to be the only valid means for pursuing research in all areas of human inquiry.