Karl Marx theory of alienation, class struggle and communism summary

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Karl Marx Theory of Alienation and Class Struggle

With the Industrial Revolution came the separation of classes, Employer and employee, the proletariat and the Bourgeois. People were separated from nature and from their families because they had to work long hours inside a factory away from their families. Wages barely covered the workers living expenses which made them have to work longer hours. Conditions in the factory were unsafe and unsanitary. The workers felt that the employer did not care about the worker and he was right. The employer felt that a worker was replicable in that others were waiting in line for the worker's job. The employer had the upper hand. Improving working conditions and worker's living standards cost money and therefore took away from profit. This is the alienation between the classes that developed within the Industrial Age.


Marxists (followers of Karl Marx) protested against the alienation of the working people. Karl Marx advocated a whole new society based on people given according to the needs of whole (everyone in the society). This was the basis of Karl Marx's theory on Communism where everyone shares and no one does without. Karl Marx put socialism as the stepping block to communism where a dictatorship of the proletariat was enabled until communism the ideal could evolve. Alienation of the working classes was thus avoided because everyone felt they got a fair shake. Labor Unions came about from Karl Marx theories which brought better working conditions, pay and benefits for the working class. Labor Unions pushed for laws to protect the worker against unsafe practices in the workplace. However, alienation still occurs somewhat between Blue Collar workers and White Collar workers. In addition, Communism governments tend to be dictatorships and the people has little or no rights.