the Human Genome Project Facts, Information:
Genome Basics, Goals, Benefits, Implications, Molecular Structure, Disease
The Human Genome Project goals: to identify all the genes in human DNA, to determine the gene sequences of the chemical base pairs in human DNA and enter this information in databases. for information pertaining to the human genome project and ethical dilemmas see DNA articles.
The genome is the complete set of instructions for the creation of an organism. The set of instructions is a blueprint for the structure and activities of the organism for the duration of its life. Every nucleus of every cell contains genome. The genome is a combination of DNA and protein molecules organized into structures. These structures are called Chromosomes. There are an estimated 100,000 genes in the human genome.
Genes are proteins folded in a pattern. Each unique pattern determines the gene's chemical composition and therefore its role. The role is to trigger a response from a cell. This response determines the appearance, the personality, the health, and the longevity of all living creatures.
Disease or malformations can result from the absence of a healthy gene or the presence of a defective one. Some genes trigger immune responses for treatment for disease. These responses begin with the sequencing of the chemical compounds within the genes. The chemicals cause a chain reaction starting with the production of enzymes. These enzymes cause the cell to react in a distinct and predictable manner, which are the characteristics of the cell.
Disease can result from altered chemical sequencing. The alterations can be present from the onset of life or due to exposure to radiation and/or other chemical altering substances. see gene therapy
Genome Facts: basic background:
If you know the structure of the genes, you can either alter the genes so that diseases and defects can be caught or eliminated before they begin or treat the disease early before it is too far advanced to treat.
written May 2000