Montesquieu Philosophical Views on Government and Climate

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Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu was a French political thinker during the age of Enlightenment. He was born in southwest France in 1689. He died in 1755.

He wrote The spirits of Laws in 1748. The Catholic Churched banned the book and listed it on the index of prohibited books. He is famous for his theory on Separation of Powers used in many governments today around the world. Montesquieu was regarded as a champion of liberties in the American colonies. He was often quoted and cited by the American founding fathers, especially James Madison. Other governments of that time (for example, Catherine the Great of Russia) also incorporated Montesquieu's philosophies in their governing.

Montesquieu sought to discover the ways in which differing environments and historical and religious traditions influenced governmental institutions. His famous Meterological climate theory, which holds that climate may substantially influence the nature of man and his society.

Montesquieu believed External conditions force humans to behave in different ways and that there is nothing they can do about this.

Montesquie philosophy on government was government should be set up so that no man need be afraid of another.