Ancient Sparta Civilization : Facts, History and Information: Daily Life, Culture, Government, Education

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Ancient Sparta was located in Southern Greece, on the Eurotas River in Laconia, in south-eastern Peloponnese. The area was free from outside rule. It existed from 650 - 362 BCE.

Spartan Government

8000 Spartans ruled over 400000 people. It was  not a democracy. Most citizens were farmers and dependent on their land of which they had to give a large percentage of their produce to the kings of Sparta

After a rebellion of locals were suppressed, Spartans took measures to suppress any further rebellions by establishing order, discipline and regimentation in the populace. They did this by having two kings to balance the influence of the 2 strongest families. Having a council of Elders, who had to be beyond the age of 60 for they were considered the wisest. The Magistrates elected for one year to execute the motions of the assembly, perform judicial business and negotiate business with outsiders.

Daily Life, Culture and Education

Spartan culture, daily life and education centered around military training.

Puny infants were killed to ensure children would grow to be strong adults and therefore be able to defend the kingdom or if female produce strong sons for the military.

Wives were selected for the men but they could not visit them except at night until the age of 30 and even then they had to eat meals with the military comrades.

At the age of 12, boys were taken from their home to live together in the outdoors. They were gradually phased into the military as they aged.

Spartans shunned tasty foods. They had no fine crafts. They were indifferent to political entanglements and tried to be a self sufficient society. Hence the name Spartan which is used to describe an environment with no creature comforts.

 

 

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