Ancient Civilizations : Facts, Information and History : Culture, Daily Live, Achievements
Early man had a community life. He killed for food, had mass cooking of meat and shared food. By 12,000 BC, man started switching from hunter gatherer to an agricultural society. This resulted in turn away from a nomadic lifestyle. Villages were established. Trade began. Populations flourished. These changes corresponded with the end of the Ice Age.
The Rise of Civilizations
Weather changes after the Ice Age caused food levels to increase. Warmer temperatures increased vegetation. Rising water levels increased seafood. More food supply meant an increase in the population of man and beast. Increased population led to a stress on local resources therefore excess populations began to migrate. Man learned to store and plant seeds. Man domesticated animals such as cattle, pigs, sheep and goats.
Villages began to spread across the land. Village populations ranged from 200 to 5000+. Artisans emerged, creating pottery, baskets, tools and weapons. Trade developed. Economic exchanges with different cultures led to disputes which led to warfare. The growth of agriculture and the increase of war led to the need for sharper tools and weapons. Copper and later bronze tools led to the demand for rocks found in particular regions. Trade accelerated and so did pillaging. Traders carried good to prosperous cities. By 6500 BC trade expanded from Armenia to Iran. Cities had the advantage of numbers of people, skilled artisans and marketplaces. The growth of cities led for the need for bureaucracies and thus rulers and the ruled. As cities grew in wealth so did the need for protection in the form of armies and better weapons. The increased need for agriculture with the growth in populations in smaller areas led to the development of irrigation and water systems. All the increased complexity of life led to the development of writing and record keeping.