Ancient African Civilizations: Facts, Information, Culture, History, Zimbabwe, Bantu, Timbuktu

Research Topics Presentation Tips History Essays Ancient Civilizations Africa

Mansa Musa

  • Ruler whose authority reached into the middle Niger city-states of Timbuktu, djenne, and gao.
  • Made a stunning voyage to Mecca
  • Fostered the growth of Islam by constructing magnificent mosques in the major urban centers


  • A member of any of a large number of linguistically related peoples of central and southern Africa.
  • A group of over 400 closely related languages spoken in central, east-central, and southern Africa, belonging to the South Central subgroup of the Niger-Congo language family and including Swahili, Kinyarwanda, Kirundi, Zulu, and Xhosa.

Bilad as-Sudan

  • Carried on a brisk trade in human beings through the middle ages with Arab cities of north Africa
  • Those involved in this slave trade were young woman who became house servants
  • They were often integrated into the households which purchased them, and their children were often free


  • A Bantu language of the coast and islands of eastern Africa from Somalia to Mozambique. It is an official language of Tanzania and is widely used as a lingua franca in eastern and east-central Africa. Also called Kiswahili.

Nzinga Mbemba

  • Around 1506 Nzinga Mbemba, who’s Christian name was Afonso, succeeded his father and ruled until about 1543. Afonso promoted the introduction of European culture in his kingdom by adopting Christianity as the state religion

Ibn Batuta

  • His writings, with the book Travelogue (rihla) finished in 1357, is an important source of knowledge on large parts of the known world of these days. Ibn Batuta started traveling in 1325, first setting out for Mecca, on hajj

Mahmud Kati

  • A native scholar and Islamic judge of Timbuktu
  • Lived for 125 years
  • Began to compose his history around 1519, and continued it until his death almost 75 years later


  • A city of southern Nigeria on the Benin River, about 161 km (100 mi) long. The city is known for its bronze works of art


  • A city of central Mali near the Niger River northeast of Bamako. Founded in the 11th century by the Tuareg, it became a major trading center (primarily for gold and salt) by the 14th century.

Ancient Zimbabwe Civilizations

  • Ruined city of southeast Zimbabwe south of Harare. First occupied by Iron Age peoples in the third century A.D., it was rediscovered c. 1870 and is believed by some to be the site of King Solomon's mines.
  • Traditional slave Trade