Ancient African Civilizations: Facts, Information, Culture, History, Zimbabwe,
- Ruler whose authority reached into the middle Niger city-states
of Timbuktu, djenne, and gao.
- Made a stunning voyage to Mecca
- Fostered the growth of Islam by constructing magnificent mosques
in the major urban centers
- A member of any of a large number of linguistically related
peoples of central and southern Africa.
- A group of over 400 closely related languages spoken in central,
east-central, and southern Africa, belonging to the South Central
subgroup of the Niger-Congo language family and including Swahili,
Kinyarwanda, Kirundi, Zulu, and Xhosa.
- Carried on a brisk trade in human beings through the
middle ages with Arab cities of north Africa
- Those involved in this slave trade were young woman who became
- They were often integrated into the households which purchased
them, and their children were often free
- A Bantu language of the coast and islands of eastern Africa
from Somalia to Mozambique. It is an official language of Tanzania
and is widely used as a lingua franca in eastern and east-central
Africa. Also called Kiswahili.
- Around 1506 Nzinga Mbemba, who’s Christian name was Afonso,
succeeded his father and ruled until about 1543. Afonso promoted
the introduction of European culture in his kingdom by adopting
Christianity as the state religion
- His writings, with the book Travelogue (rihla)
finished in 1357, is an important source of knowledge on large parts
of the known world of these days. Ibn Batuta started traveling in
1325, first setting out for Mecca, on hajj
- A native scholar and Islamic judge of Timbuktu
- Lived for 125 years
- Began to compose his history around 1519, and continued it until
his death almost 75 years later
- A city of southern Nigeria on the Benin River, about
161 km (100 mi) long. The city is known for its bronze works of
- A city of central Mali near the Niger River northeast of Bamako.
Founded in the 11th century by the Tuareg, it became a major trading
center (primarily for gold and salt) by the 14th century.
Ancient Zimbabwe Civilizations
- Ruined city of southeast Zimbabwe south of Harare. First occupied
by Iron Age peoples in the third century A.D., it was rediscovered
c. 1870 and is believed by some to be the site of King Solomon's