King James II of England : Facts, History, Timeline: Life, Biography, Achievements, Pictures
Reign, The Glorious Revolution, William's Landing, Abdication, Act of Settlement, Succession

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King James II lived in exile in France for 15 years. He was considered a foreigner as much as his father, Charles I and grandfather, James I.. He became King when his older brother Charles II died.

Religion was the platform used to lead the common people into supporting the Glorious Revolution. The Lords, gentlemen, landed gentry and clergy agenda was gaining more power in the government and guarding their income and possessions. If the Catholic Church took control of the realm again, many had much too lose as land would be confiscated and many would be executed. The people feared a Catholic take over as well. There was much prejudice due to the history of the church both Catholic and English.

King James II openly practiced Catholicism. Surrounded himself with Catholics and Jesuit priests who influenced his policies. He had an army camped outside of London that was officered by Catholics who kept the order when unpopular laws were enacted. These contributed to the accusation of Catholic tyranny and helped incite the revolution.

The birth of the prince to be raised a Catholic contributed to the revolution in that it helped stir the people’s fear that the Catholic Church was getting a foothold and would be back in full power.

The Glorious Revolution was a bloodless revolution.

After King Williams landing - James abdication: By default James abdicated his throne because he deserted his palaces and left in exile to France. James was considered not trustworthy as his loyalties were given to the Pope first then to the English.

Act of Settlement provisions were made to insure that the crown remained in Protestant hands. James and his heirs were still at large in France and could at anytime usurp the English throne legally.

Parliament gave themselves more power and less to the King. The provision made clear the accepted path of inheritance to the crown.

Sophia who was protestant and the granddaughter of James the 1st was to rule after Anne I if Anne had no heirs. This began the Hanover dynasty.

Pictures

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Portrait of Caterina Cornaro Wife of King James II of Cyprus
18x24 Giclee Print

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Portrait of King James II, in Garter Robes, the Crown and Sceptre on a Table Beside Him
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Lost Cause: The Flight of King James II after the Battle of the Boyne
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Rules were instituted for sovereigns who came from other countries. Anyone who took possession of the English throne in the future would have to join the English church, and if the person came from another country England would not be obliged to go to war for that country without consent of Parliament. Changes limited the powers of the King/Queen and gave more power to Parliament. The rulings made a constitutional monarchy.